focus geopolitique africaine (16)/ bases et missions militaires occidentales en afrique. Le commandement des opérations spéciales pour l’Afrique est un démembrement du commandement américain pour l’Afrique (Africom). In May, responding to questions about measures taken after the October 2017 ambush in Niger, Waldhauser spoke of fortifying the U.S. presence on the continent. Contracting documents from 2017 also noted the need for 4,400 gallons per month of gasoline, 1,100 gallons per month of diesel fuel, and 6,000 gallons of aviation turbine fuel to be delivered, every 90 days, to a “military installation” in Dirkou. General controversy. Il coordonne toutes les activités militaires et … In Gabon, a cooperative security location exists in Libreville. The Pentagon would not say whether the tally was exhaustive, however, citing concerns about publicly providing the number of forces deployed to specific facilities or individual countries. These regions, not surprisingly, have also seen numerous U.S. drone attacks and low-profile commando raids in recent years. It also proved integral to Operation Oaken Steel, the July 2016 rapid deployment of troops to rescue U.S. personnel after fighting broke out near the American Embassy in Juba, South Sudan. Previously, Kismayo has been identified as a key outpost, while the declassified 2015 AFRICOM posture plan names proposed CLs in Baidoa, Bosaaso, and the capital, Mogadishu, as well as Berbera in the self-declared state of Somaliland. Only one base lies in the far south of the continent, a CSL in Botswana’s capital, Gaborone, that is run by the Army. L’objectif était de préserver les intérêts économiques de l’ancienne métropole (pétrole, uranium, bois, etc.) According to Adam Moore, an assistant professor of geography at the University of California, Los Angeles and an expert on the U.S. military’s presence in Africa, “It is getting harder for the U.S. military to plausibly claim that it has a ‘light footprint’ in Africa. Ouallam, which was listed in contracting documents brought to light by The Intercept last year, was the site of an SOF effort to train and equip a Nigerien counterterrorism company as well as another effort to conduct operations with other local units. To its north, CSL Entebbe in Uganda has long been an important air base for American forces in Africa, serving as a hub for surveillance aircraft. [Les Ailes Militaires Belges] La base de Florennes célèbre en 2017 ses 70 ans From Wikinews, the free news source you can write! Les bases aeriennes militaires en france. extrait de ‘face a l’actualite’ du 6 septembre 2016 sur afrique media Les États-Unis changent de stratégie en Afrique. La présence militaire américaine en Afrique est bien plus importante que ce que le Pentagone prétend, selon des documents dévoilés, le 3 décembre, par le magazine américain The Intercept. In neighboring Mali, there are two contingency locations. For instance, this is how Waldhauser described a low-profile drone outpost in Tunisia last year: “And it’s not our base, it’s the Tunisians’ base.” On a visit to a U.S. facility in Senegal this summer, the AFRICOM chief took pains to emphasize that the U.S. had no intension of establishing a permanent base there. La présence militaire américaine en Afrique est bien plus importante que ne l'affirme le Pentagone. That’s seven times more than the 42 confirmed U.S. drone strikes carried out in Somalia, Yemen, and Pakistan combined for all of 2016, according to data compiled by the Bureau of Investigative Journalism, a London-based nonprofit news organization. Not all heroes wear capes. Who would hold party elites accountable to the values they proclaim to have? Another unidentified contingency location in Chad could be a CL in Faya Largeau, which was mentioned in AFRICOM’s 2015 posture plan. AFP / le 18 novembre 2020 à 15h50, mis à jour à 23h42 . So Do the Whistleblowers Trump Imprisoned. Afin d… The Intercept is an independent nonprofit news outlet. Plusieurs autres projets de sites militaires américains sont également dans les tuyaux sur le continent africain. Since 2002, the base has expanded from 88 acres to nearly 600 acres and spun off a satellite outpost — a cooperative security location 10 kilometers to the southwest, where drone operations in the country were relocated in 2013. En 1935, neuf bases aériennes sont considérées comme les principales de cette nouvelle arme : celles de Chartres, de Metz, de Nancy, de Le Bourget, de Reims, de Pau, de Tours, de Châteauroux et de Lyon. A longtime hub for counterterrorism operations in Yemen and Somalia and the home of Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa (CJTF–HOA), Camp Lemonnier hosts around 4,000 U.S. and allied personnel, and, according to Teil, is the “main platform” for U.S. crisis response forces in Africa. For the last 10 years, AFRICOM has not only sought to define its presence as limited in scope, but its military outposts as small, temporary, and little more than local bases where Americans are tenants. RDC : (Vidéo) Moïse Katumbi face à un report des élections... Classement 2017 des armées en Afrique selon Global Fire Power, RDC : L'Angola déploie son armée sur la frontière congolaise. Le Commandement des États-Unis pour l’Afrique (United States Africa Command ou AFRICOM) est un commandement unifié pour l’Afrique créé par le Département de la Défense des États-Unis en 2007 et entré en fonction en 2008. “For reasons of operational security, complete and specific force lay-downs are not releasable,” said Tresch. En Afrique de l’Ouest, les Etats-Unis comptent un site à Dakar, deux à Bamako et un escadron de coopération au Ghana. These sites, revealed in AFRICOM maps for the first time, do not include a CIA base revealed in 2014 by The Nation. La présence militaire américaine en Afrique a commencé à gagner en ampleur après les attaques terroristes de septembre 2001. Le Pentagone a annoncé mercredi 12 février un premier ajustement de ses forces dans la région avec le … filme par eode-tv a bruxelles pour le multiplex avec afrique media. En Afrique du Nord, leur présence est plus discrète : trois sites non dévoilés en Libye … Cameroon is also home to a longtime outpost in Douala as well as U.S. facilities in Maroua and a nearby base called Salak, which is also used by U.S. personnel and private contractors for training missions and drone surveillance. One is an outpost in the north of the country, known as CL Garoua, which is used to fly drone missions and also as a base for the Army’s Task Force Darby, which supports Cameroonian forces fighting the terrorist group Boko Haram. The Libya attacks have continued under the Trump administration, with the latest acknowledged U.S. drone strike occurring near Al Uwaynat on November 29. Arlit also appeared as a proposed contingency location in a formerly secret 2015 AFRICOM posture plan obtained by The Intercept. Somalia is the East Africa hub for contractor-provided personnel recovery and casualty evacuation services as well as the main node for the military’s own personnel recovery and casualty evacuation operations. AFRICOM’s 2015 posture plan listed only an outpost at Al-Wigh, a Saharan airfield near that country’s borders with Niger, Chad, and Algeria, located far to the south of the three current CLs. Il s’agit, en effet, d’une base pour l’AFRICOM, United States Africa Command, qui est le commandement unifié pour l’Afrique et qui a été crée par le Pentagone en 2007, sous la présidence de George W.Bush. Marine Gen. Thomas D. Waldhauser, commander, U.S. Africa Command, speaks to the media at the Pentagon on May 10, 2018. on about your day, ask yourself: How likely is it that the story you just read would have been produced by a different news outlet if The Intercept hadn’t done it? Trump’s pardon of the Blackwater mercenaries who murdered 14 Iraqi civilians at Nisour Square shows the world what justice means in the United States. In 2017, Amnesty International, the London-based research firm Forensic Architecture, and The Intercept exposed illegal imprisonment, torture, and killings by Cameroonian troops at Salak. For example, Libya — the site of drone and commando missions, but for which President Donald Trump said he saw no U.S. military role just last year — is nonetheless home to three previously undisclosed outposts. The kind of reporting we do is essential to democracy, but it is not easy, cheap, or profitable. United States Fleet Activities Yokosuka (横須賀海軍施設, Yokosuka kaigunshisetsu) or Commander Fleet Activities Yokosuka (司令官艦隊活動横須賀, Shirei-kan kantai katsudō Yokosuka) is a United States Navy base in Yokosuka, Japan.Its mission is to maintain and operate base facilities for the logistic, recreational, administrative support and service of the U.S. Documents obtained from AFRICOM by The Intercept, via the Freedom of Information Act, however, offer a unique window onto the sprawling network of U.S. military outposts in Africa, including previously undisclosed or unconfirmed sites in hotspots like Libya, Niger, and Somalia. After an initial penetration of the perimeter, Kenya Defense Forces and … Das könnte sie auch Interessieren . All of these are located on the African continent except for an FOS on Britain’s Ascension Island in the south Atlantic. AFRICOM est basé à STUTTGART et dirigé par le Général Stephen J. TOWNSEN. “The distribution of bases suggests that the U.S. military is organized around three counter-terrorism theaters in Africa: the Horn of Africa — Somalia, Djibouti, Kenya; Libya; and the Sahel — Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Mali, Burkina Faso,” says Moore, noting that the U.S. has only one base in the south of the continent and has scaled back engagement in Central Africa in recent years. What if we were to actually use the life of Christ as a basis for Christmas? Ce continent représente ainsi le deuxième théâtre des opérations américaines après le Moyen-Orient, avec un intérêt spécifique pour les bases de drones. la sujetion militaire du neocolonialisme. Hours after Moore made those comments, the Pentagon announced that six firms had been named under a potential five-year, $240 million contract for design and construction services for naval facilities in Africa, beginning with the expansion of the tarmac at Camp Lemonnier in Djibouti. These include cooperative security locations at Mombasa as well as Manda Bay, where a 2013 Pentagon study of secret drone operations in Somalia and Yemen noted that two manned fixed-wing aircraft were then based. Il s’agit d’une base de drones, dont la seule construction va coûter 100 millions de dollars. Joining is simple and doesn’t need to cost a lot: You can become a sustaining member for as little as $3 or $5 a month. A Pentagon investigation into the attack shed additional light on other key U.S. military sites in Niger including Ouallam and Arlit, where Special Operations forces (SOF) deployed in 2017, and Maradi, where SOF were sent in 2016. Six arrested in plot against US army base in New Jersey. This air war has continued in the years since. A CSL can also be found in Accra, Ghana, and another CSL is located on a small compound at Captain Andalla Cissé Air Base in Dakar, Senegal. Au Tchad, les Américains opèrent depuis une base de corps d'élite et de drones à N'Djamena, mais aussi depuis Faya Largeau. (Council on Foreign Relations, 2003) • Ramstein Air Base, the biggest U.S. base in Germany, costs about $1 billion annually—an amount equal to Germany's yearly contribution toward the upkeep of U.S. bases. “[W]e fly there, it’s not a secret, but we are very respectful to the Tunisians’ desires in terms of, you know, how we support them and the fact that we have [a] low profile…”. Somalia’s neighbor, Kenya, boasts four U.S. bases. China, for example, has just one base in Africa – a facility in Djibouti. Exercise Rapid Falcon. La France devra payer pour l'aide militaire américaine en Afrique. During a four-month span in 2016, for example, there were around 300 such attacks, according to U.S. officials. USA Jobs. “This location is very important to us because it helps mitigate the time and space on the continent the size of Africa,” said AFRICOM commander Waldhauser while visiting the Senegalese capital earlier this year. Les Etats-Unis détiennent au total 34 sites militaires en Afrique, selon le magazine d’investigation. Approches militaires américaine, chinoise et russe », Focus stratégique, n° 91, Ifri, août 2019. Trump Just Pardoned Those Convicted Killers. AFRICOM’s 2015 posture plan also mentions contingency locations at Lakipia, the site of a Kenyan Air Force base, and another Kenyan airfield at Wajir that was upgraded and expanded by the U.S. Navy earlier in this decade. En 1939, la France compte cinq bases en Indochine (départ en 1956). « La composante aérienne du commandement américain en Afrique vient de terminer ou travaille actuellement sur près de 30 projets de construction dans quatre pays africains« , soulignent les rapports consultés par The Intercept. I Sued Blackwater for the Massacre of Iraqi Civilians. Les militaires américains en Afrique. Le Commandement des Opérations Spéciales pour l’Afrique est un démembrement du Commandement Américain pour l’Afrique (AFRICOM). Il coordonne toutes les activités militaires et sécuritaires … Themen Climat Écologie Environnement politique. How many covert wars, miscarriages of justice, and dystopian technologies would remain hidden if our reporters weren’t on the beat? La Croix de guerre instituée par le décret-loi du 26 septembre 1939 est en bronze florentin du module de 27 millimètres », lire : « 37 millimètres ». “So we have beefed up a lot of things posture-wise with regard to these forces.” This firepower includes drones. A map of U.S. military bases — forward operating sites, cooperative security locations, and contingency locations — across the African continent from declassified Fiscal Year 2015 U.S. Africa Command planning documents. “United States military personnel remain deployed to Djibouti, including for purposes of posturing for counterterrorism and counter-piracy operations in the vicinity of the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, and to provide contingency support for embassy security augmentation in East Africa,” President Donald Trump noted in June. Leadership. Africa Command’s posture plan is designed to secure strategic access to key locations on a continent characterized by vast distances and limited infrastructure,” Gen. Thomas Waldhauser, the AFRICOM commander, told the House Armed Services Committee earlier this year, though he didn’t provide specifics on the number of bases. En Afrique du Nord, leur présence est plus discrète : trois sites non dévoilés en Libye et une base de drones en Tunisie. 2:32. The 2018 map also notes the existence of a CSL in Chad’s capital N’Djamena, a site where the U.S. began flying drones earlier this decade; it’s also the headquarters of a Special Operations Command and Control Element, an elite battalion-level command. Teil’s briefing confirms, for the first time, that the U.S. military currently has more sites in Niger — five, including two cooperative security locations — than any other country on the western side of the continent. Air Forces Africa alone, the command’s air component, has recently completed or is currently working on nearly 30 construction projects across four countries in Africa. C’est un commandement unifié pour l'Afrique créé par le département de la défense des États-Unis en 2007 et opérationnel depuis 2008. Préfecture d'Okinawa (Naval Hospital Okinawa, Marine Corps Base Camp Smedley D. Butler (en), Torii Station (en), il reste de très nombreuses bases et aéroports militaires américains sur l'île principale d'Okinawa, appelée Okinawa Honto). Only one base lies in the far south of the continent, a CSL in Botswana’s capital, Gaborone, that is run by the Army. Reporting by Vice News earlier this year indicated there were actually six new U.S facilities being constructed in Somalia as well as the expansion of Baledogle, a base for which a contract for “emergency runway repairs” was recently issued. Il s’agit de 14 bases principales et 20 camps, avant-postes. “Judging by its size and the infrastructure investments to date, Agadez more resembles massive bases that the military created in Iraq and Afghanistan than a small, unobtrusive, ‘lily pad,’” says Moore. Djibouti is home to the crown jewel of U.S. bases on the continent, Camp Lemonnier, a former French Foreign Legion outpost and AFRICOM’s lone forward operating site on the continent. According to a 2018 briefing by AFRICOM science adviser Peter E. Teil, the military’s constellation of bases includes 34 sites scattered across the continent, with high concentrations in the north and west as well as the Horn of Africa. According to the documents obtained by The Intercept through the Freedom of Information Act, AFRICOM’s network of bases includes larger “enduring” outposts, consisting of forward operating sites, or FOSes, and cooperative security locations, or CSLs, as well as more numerous austere sites known as contingency locations, or CLs. et de maintenir les pays africains dans son sphère d’influence. While China, France, Russia, and the United Arab Emirates have increased their own military engagement in Africa in recent years and a number of countries now possess outposts on the continent, none approach the wide-ranging U.S. footprint. The U.S. has already conducted 36 air strikes in Somalia this year, compared to 34 for all of 2017 and 15 in 2016, according to the Foundation for Defense of Democracies. La Russie a récemment dépêché des avions de chasse en Libye pour soutenir des mercenaires au sol, combattant aux côtés du maréchal Khalifa Haftar dans le conflit qui déchire le pays, a accusé mardi l'armée américaine. Les Américains disposent par ailleurs de pas moins de cinq sites militaires en Somalie, de quatre bases au Kenya, d’un site essentiellement consacré à la surveillance à Entebbe (Ouganda), de trois sites au Cameroun, dont une base de drones à Garoua, de deux sites au Tchad et d’un escadron pour la coopération militaire au Gabon. After months of reports that the Defense Department was considering a major drawdown of Special Operations forces in Africa as well as the closure of military outposts in Tunisia, Cameroon, Libya and Kenya, the Pentagon now says that less than 10 percent of 7,200 forces assigned to AFRICOM will be withdrawn over several years and no bases will close as a result. La seule base militaire permanente américaine sur le continent est à Djibouti. 91, August 2019. That’s all it takes to support the journalism you rely on. But through it all, U.S. Africa Command has fallen short of providing concrete information about its bases on the continent, leaving in question the true scope of the American presence there. Get to know Ramstein Air Base: Northside Post Office (Postal Service Center) More Videos. Teil’s map of AFRICOM’s “Strategic Posture” names the specific locations of all 14 FOSes and CSLs and provides country-specific locales for the 20 contingency locations. The Pentagon has also told The Intercept that troop reductions in Africa will be modest and phased-in over several years and that no outposts are expected to close as a result of the personnel cuts. Le Pentagone, le ministère américain de la Défense, a confirmé la construction en cours, au Niger, d'une base aérienne devant servir à déployer des drones. While it was left behind from power politics for the last decades, Africa is at the core of a renewed attention from global powers. The attack on the compound “involved indirect and small arms fire. AFRICOM’s 2015 posture plan lists proposed CLs in Gao and Mali’s capital, Bamako. In fact, U.S. base construction in Africa is booming. “Certainly, for people living in Somalia, Niger, and Djibouti, the notion that the U.S. is not militarizing their countries rings false,” he added. Innovation from the Ground Up. In an 8 to 1 decision, the Court upheld a lower court's ruling that struck down an award of US $5 million to a slain soldier's father, Albert Snyder.